How To Start a Small Poultry Farm

Start a Small Poultry Farm

Poultry farming is both fun and rewarding. However, there’s a huge learning curve for beginners, so you must gather as much knowledge as possible. Once you have learned everything, there is to know, it should be a relatively smooth ride as long as you’re prepared for any roadblock that could affect your business.

This article will teach you how to start a small poultry farm. Once you’re finished, you should know the necessary equipment, how many chickens you need, and the business aspects. However, if you get overwhelmed, take it one step at a time. For the health of yourself and your chickens, you mustn’t rush into this business without feeling confident.

Learn How to Raise Chickens

This is the first and most vital step of the entire process. They will quickly die if you buy chicks without knowing how to care for them. Plenty of online resources will teach you how to raise chickens.

However, once you take these courses, you should consider working for a local poultry farm to gain some hands-on experience before you start spending money on supplies. Doing so will give you a leg-up in the business, and you’ll have a local farmer to consult when issues arise.

Choose your Poultry Sector

Several industries are involved in poultry farming. You can choose between broiler and layer farming. A broiler is a chicken raised for its meat. Chickens raised for eggs are layers. After that, we have the incubation business and the chick raising.

It is common for chicken farming businesses to operate in more than one sector. Specifically, you need to decide whether or not you want to run poultry farms in all sectors, or if you want to focus on just one or two of them, especially in the beginning. Sometimes it pays to start in one niche until you learn everything, and can then add additional sectors.

You Can Choose From the Following Niches of Poultry Farming:

  • Breeding broilers for meat production
  • Breeding of layers for egg production
  • Production of poultry feed
  • Raising chickens (Hatchery)
  • Processing of eggs and meat

However, think about the certainty of sales before launching your poultry farm business. Consider the risks of entering a broiler-growing business, for instance. You will not be able to operate a poultry farm business if you have no customers for your broilers.

Therefore, you should only venture into the broiler business once you have contacts with broiler companies in your area who are willing to buy from you.

Write a Business Plan

Write a Business Plan

Writing a business plan is essential for creating a roadmap to success. Whether you are using a poultry farm to start a business or a farm as a hobby, you should write out a plan. It will serve as a guide as you work through the process.

To start a poultry business, you’ll need a business plan to acquire funds. Banks and investors want to see that you know what you’re doing, and you will be more likely to get the money you need to get started.


You have several options for funding to start your poultry farm, and you shouldn’t need too much if you’re starting small. First, however, you need to be smart about where you get your money. Bank loans and investors can be risky if you can’t pay them back in time.

To take out the smallest loan possible, you should consider asking local farmers if they have any extra supplies they’d be willing to donate. You could also get a part-time job and dedicate those earnings to your farm until you’re in a good place to get started. Then, once you’re making steady money, it’ll be less risky to take out a loan to expand your business.


You’ll need a decent amount of equipment to get started, but you can get creative if you’re on a budget. This is why it’s essential to network with other farmers. You can get used equipment for cheap or free and fix it up if necessary.

Here is a list of some of the essentials you’ll need to get started:

  • Incubators for keeping eggs warm.
  • Perches for the chickens to rest
  • Mobile chicken coop to house the chickens
  • Feeders
  • Water supply
  • Nests for the chickens to lay eggs
  • Heaters to keep chicks warm
  • Lights

How Many Chickens Should You Get?

If you’re starting small on a low budget, you can start with two female adults and one male adult. They’ll mate, lay eggs, and then you’ll have more chickens you can sell or keep to continue breeding.

Not only should you consider the number of chickens you need, but you should also think about the type. For instance, are you starting a poultry farm to sell meat or eggs? If you’re selling meat, you’ll want broiler chickens. On the other hand, if you’re selling eggs, you’ll wish to layers.

Making Money

To start a poultry farm as a business endeavor, you need to start networking with local farmers, farmer’s markets, and grocery stores. Building rapport with your potential customers and other suppliers will give you an advantage when it comes time to sell.

In addition, you should consider setting up shop at home and developing a marketing strategy. You’d be surprised at how effective social media can be for attracting customers. Just ensure that you’re staying active and engaging with your customer base. From there, your business will continue to grow by word-of-mouth.


It’s going to take a lot of work and perseverance, but starting a poultry business will be incredibly rewarding. Once you’ve learned how to raise chickens, run a business, and have a plan written out, you can get the ball rolling on getting your funds and equipment.

Ensure that you analyze the market in your area, network, and seek help from other farmers if you find yourself in a rut. There’s a massive community in the agricultural world, and you’d be surprised by how much people are willing to do to lift each other up in times of struggle.

Thank you for reading!

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